Professor: Randy Stoecker
Spring, 2005 MW 3:30-4:45
How can people organize for social change? How can they rebuild both social bonds of community and the physical infrastructure necessary to sustain community? This course is focused on these two topics, building on the past decade of community organizing and development activities I have been involved with. The first issue, community organizing, revives a long tradition of political activism in this country and attempts to restore an increasingly lost art. The second issue, community development, explores the more recent phenomena of "ordinary" citizens taking responsibility for their own housing and commercial building development in urban and rural communities.
I have two goals for this course. First, I want you to understand the history and issues in community organizing and development. Second, I want you to learn some of the skills necessary to engage in community organizing and development activities.
SHOULD YOU TAKE THIS COURSE?
This course is designed for people who are involved or plan to get involved in community organizing and/or development activities. This course will serve you best if you are truly interested in learning about the issues and developing skills that can be used to further progressive social change. This is also a course emphasizing participatory education, and thus will not be as tightly organized as what you may be used to. You will have to take responsibility for helping to organize the course, realizing that some things won't make sense or won't work, and accepting that you are part of a work in progress. I am not responsible for your learning. I am responsible for creating a safe, accessible, and information-resourced context in which you can take responsibility for your own learning.
SPECIAL LEARNING NEEDS
Please inform me if you have special learning needs so I can adjust the course to meet those needs.
MY PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION
When teachers realize they still have things to learn and students realize they have things to teach, and when everyone is in an atmosphere where teachers are encouraged to learn and students are encouraged to teach, everyone benefits.
STUDENT AND INSTRUCTOR RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS
As a student, you have the right to criticize and question what you are hearing and reading, without fear of ridicule or threat of retribution. You have the right to be treated equally and with respect. You have the right to be fully informed of course requirements and grading procedures. You have the right to receive prompt and plentiful feedback on your writing assignments. You have the right to receive your tuition and tax dollar's worth of learning from this course.
Your first obligation, as a student, is to give me, your classmates, and our guests, the same respect you have a right to expect. I expect you at all times to be respectful of others in discussion. I will not tolerate abuse or insult of any individuals or groups. I expect you to show up for class regularly, on time, and prepared. I expect you to be focused on the issues of the classroom and not talking or giggling while others are speaking.
As the instructor, it is my obligation to respect your rights and act in accordance with them. I will treat criticisms and questions with the full respect they deserve, apply rules equally, inform you fully of course requirements and grading procedures, return graded work promptly, and provide a quality classroom experience. If I do not know the answer to a question I will try to find it or refer you to someone who does. When I find out I am not being clear, I will try to better explain myself.
It is my right and responsibility, as the instructor, to tell you when you are violating the rights of others to a respectful, focused, classroom environment.
You should consult with me whenever you have a question about course assignments, lectures, discussions, or readings. I will gladly discuss questions you have about the course material. You should also consult with me whenever you may find yourself interested in the issues raised in the course and you want to discuss further or get more information.
The course is organized into four sections. The first three weeks we will explore the basic history and approach of community organizing, looking at the work of the infamous Saul Alinsky and moving on to other types of community organizing. After that we will begin training workshops. You will need to download and print out the workshop handouts. You can download the workshops in two modules at: http://comm-org.wisc.edu/syllabi/workshops1.htm and http://comm-org.wisc.edu/syllabi/workshops2.htm.The training workshops will cover things such as how to recruit members, build organizations, engage in tactics, etc. As the course progresses further we will begin looking at the relationship between community development and community organizing.
At some points I will lecture, in order to provide you with historical background or theoretical concepts that I think are absolutely essential for you to develop effective knowledge of community organizing and development. Most of the time, however, we will be engaged in small group or large group discussion and workshops. These discussions will require you to provide information you obtained from the readings, so if you don't do the required readings each week, it will effect your grade. We will also be doing a number of workshops during the course that will involve discussion and action. I always welcome your participation, comments, and questions since I think student participation contributes to a much more interesting class.
You will be choosing what to read--the idea is to share your learnings with each other. Thus, you will also be responsible for reporting on what you read and helping to teach it to others. Take it seriously.
Because I emphasize students choosing readings, rather than me assigning them, and because many of the readings are available for free on the Internet, you are not required to purchase specific books or packets for this course. However, you are required to have copies of the readings you choose and to bring them to class. I am the editor of COMM-ORG, the On-Line Conference on Community Organizing and Development, which contains or has links to many important readings on community organizing and development (see http://comm-org.wisc.edu/). You can obtain these readings for free using the university computer centers or your home computer. You will need to learn how to print out the papers, so give yourself some extra time if you do not already know how to use the World Wide Web. By doing this, you can save $100 or more.
Below are the course requirements. You are responsible for reading, understanding, and following these requirements.
NOTE: anyone taking this course pass-no credit must do "C" work.
1. "This week I learned…" papers. People doing community organizing and development rarely get the opportunity to really reflect on their work--they are too busy doing it to think about it. That comes with some risks, however, because they don't get the chance to innovate. These papers give you the opportunity to reflect on the practice of community organizing and development in the hopes that by writing about what you personally are learning, you can come up with new ideas and/or evaluate your own practice. I am not looking for you to learn anything in particular, so please treat these papers as opportunities to make the course relevant to your needs.
|12 passing papers =||B||C|
|9 or fewer =||F||F|
2. Final Project. To raise your final grade by one full letter (from a 'B' to an 'A,' for undergrads, for example) you will need to complete a final project. Some of you are already actively involved in community organizing and development activities. Some of you like to write papers (it's true, really). Some of you have other relevant skills. You can propose to me anything relevant to the overall topic of community organizing and development for your final project, based on these broad requirements. I welcome and encourage collective work, so feel free to organize yourselves and develop a collaborative project. You can design your own, but there are two projects ready and waiting for the truly committed:
3. There is an attendance requirement. You can miss three classes. Regardless of whether you start the course late, get sick, have to work, etc., you only get three absences. After the third absence your grade drops by one letter. There are no excused absences, nor do you need permission from me to be absent. It's just like a job (except that this is more important)--after you use up your sick time, it comes out of your check. If you chronically arrive late or leave early I reserve the right to mark you absent. If you chronically come to class not having done the readings, I also reserve the right to mark you absent. I will send a sign-up sheet around each class period to check attendance. If you run into severe personal difficulties that impact your attendance I may allow completion of extra work to make up one absence.
Note: If you are not able to commit to doing the course work or meeting the attendance requirement, I strongly recommend you do not take this course. Also, if you run into problems getting to class or doing the work, see me so you can try to figure out how to accomplish those objectives. Whatever you do, please do not try to cheat on attendance or plagiarize (copy) your papers--it can get you kicked out of school.
Note: You will be choosing from a long list of readings. You may not find some of them because other people are already using them or the link is broken. If you don't find a reading, go to another one. Please think about each other, though, and make photocopies of readings from the library rather than checking them out.
Note: Readings must be read by the Monday of each week. Readings are listed more or less in my order of preference.
Week 1, Jan. 10-12: Introduction to Community Organizing
OPTIONAL: "This week I Learned…" paper by Wednesday, Jan. 12.
Primer on Community Organizing, by Randy Stoecker, 2001, http://comm-org.wisc.edu/cr/crreporta.htm
Community Organizing: People Power from the Grassroots. by Dave Beckwith and
(no class Jan. 17 due to Martin Luther King Jr. holiday)
DUE: "This week I Learned…" paper by Wednesday, Jan. 19.
Three Alinskys? by Peter Szynka, 2002, http://comm-org.wisc.edu/papers2002/szynkaa.htm
Carl Tjerandsen, Education Citizenship: A Foundation's Experience, 1980,
http://comm-org.wisc.edu/papers2003/tjerandsen/index.html (chapter 3
Robert Fisher. 1984. Let the People Decide. G.K. Hall (section on history).
Neil Betten and Michael J. Austin. 1990. The Roots of Community Organizing, 1917-1939. Temple University Press.
Herbert and Irene Rubin. 1992. Community Organizing and Development (section on history).
Stephen Valocchi, A Way of Thinking About the History of Community Organizing. http://www.trincoll.edu/depts/tcn/valocchi.htm
Harry Boyte--numerous books and articles (sections on history).
Robert Fisher and Peter Romanofsky. 1981. Community Organization for Urban Social Change: A Historical Perspective. Greenwood Press.
Robert Fisher,. (1984) "Neighborhood Organizing: Lessons from the Past." Social Policy 15:9-16.
Wendy Plotkin. 1996. "Alinsky and Back of the Yards Neighborhood Council." http://comm-org.wisc.edu/papers96/alinsky/bync.html
Wendy Plotkin. 1996. "Alinsky's involvement in Organization of the Southwest Community." http://comm-org.wisc.edu/papers96/alinsky/osc.html
Wendy Plotkin. 1996 "Alinsky's involvement in Woodlawn in Chicago/The Woodlawn Organization." http://comm-org.wisc.edu/papers96/alinsky/woodlawn.html
Saul Alinsky, Reveille For Radicals, Vintage Books, 1969.
Saul Alinsky, Rules For Radicals, Vintage Books, 1971.
Saul Alinsky. 1941. "Community Analysis and Organizations." American Journal of Sociology 46:797-808.
Robert Bailey. 1972. Radicals in Urban Politics: The Alinsky Approach. University of Chicago Press.
P. David Finks, "Alinsky in Smugtown" from The Radical Vision of Saul Alinsky, Paulist Press, 1984.
Joan Lancourt. 1979. Confront or Concede: The Alinsky Citizen-Action Organizations. Lexington Books.
DUE: "This week I Learned…" paper by Wednesday, Jan. 26.
Mark R. Warren, Creating a Multi-Racial Democratic Community: A Case Study of the Texas Industrial Areas Foundation http://www.tresser.com/iafin.htm
Thomas J. Lenz, Building a Force for the Common Good--United Power for
Action and Justice. In Shelterforce Online http://www.nhi.org/online/issues/101/lenz.html
Gary Delgado, Chapter 4 "The ACORN Model" from Organizing the Movement, Temple University Press, 1986.
Arlene Stein. 1986. "Between Organization and Movement: ACORN and the
Alinsky Model of Community Organizing." Berkeley Journal of Sociology 31:93-115.
Local and Global Organizing after 9/11, By Autumn Leonard, Tomás Aguilar,
Mike Prokosch, and Dara Silverman, 2001,
S. M. Miller, Martin Rein, and Peggy Levitt. 1990. "Community Action in the United States." Community Development Journal 25:356-368.
Daniel M. Russell. Political Organizing in Grassroots Politics. University Press of America, 1990.
Bill Berkowitz. Local Heroes. Lexington Books, 1985.
William Berkowitz. Community Impact. Schenkman, 1982.
Charles Green (Charles St. Clair). Elitism vs. Democracy in Community Organizations: The Agonies of a South Bronx Group Bristol, IN: Wyndham Hall Press, 1985.
Reisch, Michael, and Stanley Wenocur. (1986) "The Future of Community Organization in Social Work: Social Activism and the Politics of Professional Building." Social Service Review 60:70-93.--discussion. (1987) 61:365-8.
Donald C. Reitzes and Dietrich C. Reitzes. 1987. "Alinsky in the 1980s: Two Contemporary Chicago Community Organizations." Sociological Quarterly 28:265-284
DUE: "This week I Learned…" paper by Wednesday, Feb 2.
DUE: Final Project proposals. I reserve the right to not
count your final project unless you submit a proposal by Feb 2.
Read it for Monday
Read it for Wednesday
Relationship-Building and Congregational Organizing, by Rabbi Moshe ben Asher, 2002, http://comm-org.wisc.edu/papers2002/benasher/benasherrel.htm
Kim Bobo, Jackie Kendall, Steve Max. Organizing for social change: a manual for activists in the 1990's. Washington: Seven Locks Press. Chapter on Recruiting.
"Holding House Meetings." Reprinted from April 1998 issue of Virginia.Organzing, the news magazine of the Virginia Organizing Project. Linked from the VOP Organizing Toolbox http://www.virginia-organizing.org/articles/house_meetings.php
Fight the Right Action Kit by the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. http://qrd.tcp.com/qrd/www/FTR/ Go to link on "Walking the Talk."
Lesbian Avengers' Civil Rights Organizing Project. Out Against The Right: An Organizing Handbook. http://www.octobertech.com/october/handbook.nsf/contents?OpenView&count=100 See link to Recruitment
The Citizen's Handbook, by Charles Dobson of the Vancouver Citizen's Committee. http://www.vcn.bc.ca/citizens-handbook/ Read links to: Getting People, Keeping People, Block by Block Organizing, and especially Information Sharing.
Basics Of Organizing: You Can't Build A Machine Without Nuts And Bolts, by Shel Trapp. Read" Introduction" "Doorknocking." http://tenant.net/Organize/orgbas.html
Road Raging: Top Tips for Wrecking Roadbuilding. http://www.eco-action.org/rr/index.html Read Chapter 3, Boosting Numbers and Support
DUE: "This week I Learned…" paper by Wednesday, Feb. 9.
Download, print out, and read Workshop 4: Leadership
READ: at least one of the following and be prepared to report on what you have read in class on Monday:
Developing Leadership, author unknown. http://www.tenant.net/Organize/devlead.html
Shel Trapp, Basics Of Organizing, http://www.tenant.net/Organize/orgbas.html links to: Identifying Leaders, Leadership Development, Leadership/Staff Roles
The Community Toolbox, by the Community Toolbox Team. Developing a Plan for Building Leadership http://ctb.lsi.ukans.edu/tools/EN/sub_section_main_1119.htm , or other sections from http://ctb.lsi.ukans.edu/tools/EN/chapter_1013.htm or http://ctb.lsi.ukans.edu/tools/EN/chapter_1014.htm
Kim Bobo, Jackie Kendall, Steve Max. Organizing for social change: a manual for activists in the 1990's. Washington: Seven Locks Press. Chapter on Developing leadership
Download, print out, and read Workshop 3: Identity
READ: at least one of the following and be prepared to report on what you have read in class on Wednesday:
The Community Toolbox, by the Community Toolbox Team. Adapting Community Interventions for Different Cultures and Communities, http://ctb.lsi.ukans.edu/tools/EN/sub_section_main_1163.htm
The Citizen's Handbook, by Charles Dobson of the Vancouver Citizen's Committee. http://www.vcn.bc.ca/citizens-handbook/ Read links to: Community Gardens, Community Kitchens, Block Parties, Festivals and Parades, and Community Image Making.
Sanderson Beck, Nonviolent Action Handbook, Liberation from Seven Deadly -isms, http://www.san.beck.org/NAH2-Liberation.html
Fight the Right Action Kit by the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force. http://qrd.tcp.com/qrd/www/FTR/ Go to link on "Working With Communities of Color."
Lesbian Avengers' Civil Rights Organizing Project. Out Against The Right: An Organizing Handbook. http://www.octobertech.com/october/handbook.nsf/contents?OpenView&count=100 See links to: Working Together and Taking Care of Each Other.
Kim Bobo, Jackie Kendall, Steve Max. Organizing for social change: a manual for activists in the 1990's. Washington: Seven Locks Press. Chapter on Songs
Week 6, Feb. 14-16: Community Organizing and the Internet
(this week class will meet on the Internet rather than face to face--details will be forthcoming).
DUE: "This week I Learned…" paper by Wednesday, Feb. 16.
READ: any two of the following (in books, one chapter counts as one reading) and be prepared to report on what you have read in class:
An Activists' Strategy for Effective Online Networking, by ONE/Northwest. Available at http://www.onenw.org/bin/page.cfm?pageid=42
Cyberspace vs. Face to face: Community Organizing in the New Millennium. By Randy Stoecker, 2000. Available at http://comm-org.wisc.edu/papers2000/cyberorganize.htm
Creating a Blog: A Workshop for Teens, by the Children's Partnership. Available at http://www.contentbank.org/TCP_blogging_workshop.pdf
From Exclusion to Inclusion: Strengthening Community-led Organizations with Effective Technology. By Christina Roessler. http://www.progressivetech.org/Resources/Research/PTP%20From%20Exclusion%20to%20Inclusion.pdf
The Virtual Activist 2.0: A Training Course. by developed by Audrie
Krause, Michael Stein,
Judi Clark, Theresa Chen, Jasmine Li, Josh Dimon, Jennifer Kanouse, and Jill Herschman. Available at http://www.netaction.org/training/
Flash Campaigns: Online Activism at Warp Speed
By Rebecca Fairley Raney, 1999. Available at
Net lobbying grows up. TechWeb. By J.Borland, 1998. Available at http://www.techweb.com/wire/story/TWB19980327S0018
Week 7, Feb. 21-23: Workshops--Organization-Building.
DUE: "This week I Learned…" paper by Wednesday, Feb 23.
Read it for Monday
The Community Toolbox, by the Community Toolbox Team. Organizational Structure: An Overview http://ctb.lsi.ukans.edu/tools/EN/sub_section_main_1092.htm , or other sections from http://ctb.lsi.ukans.edu/tools/EN/chapter_1008.htm
Nonviolent Action Handbook, Group Process, http://www.san.beck.org/NAH3-Group.html
Checklist for an Action Planning Meeting, Dave Beckwith, http://comm-org.wisc.edu/syllabi/comeeting.htm
Planning and Facilitating Meetings. author unknown. http://www.tenant.net/Organize/meetings.html
Road Raging - Top Tips for Wrecking Roadbuilding, http://www.eco-action.org/rr/index.html See link to: Chapter 2
Lesbian Avengers' Civil Rights Organizing Project. Out Against The Right: An Organizing Handbook. http://www.octobertech.com/october/handbook.nsf/contents?OpenView&count=100 See link to: Running Core Group Meetings
Kim Bobo, Jackie Kendall, Steve Max. Organizing for social change: a manual for activists in the 1990's. Washington: Seven Locks Press. Chapter on Organizing models: the underlying structure of organizations; or chapter on Planning and facilitating meetings
Week 8, Feb 28-Mar 2: Diversity in Community Organizing--popular education.
DUE: "This week I Learned…" paper by Wednesday, Mar. 2.
Carl Tjerandsen, Education Citizenship: A Foundation's Experience, 1980, http://comm-org.wisc.edu/papers2003/tjerandsen/index.html (chapter 4).
John Hurst. "Popular Education." http://www-gse.berkeley.edu/Admin/ExtRel/educator/spring95texts/popular.educ.html
Sustainable Communities Network: Highlander Research and Education Center Environmental Economic Program http://www.sustainable.org/casestudies/tennessee/tn_epa_highlander.html
Myles Horton and Paulo Freire (ed. by Brenda Bell, John Gaventa, John Peters), pp. xv-xxxiii, 115-128 in We Make the Road by Walking, Temple University Press, 1990.
Thomas Heaney When Adult Education Stood for Democracy..
Judi Bari and Judith Kohl. 1991. "Environmental Justice: Highlander
After Myles." Social Policy Winter, pp. 71-77.
Frank Adams. 1975. Unearthing Seeds of Fire: The Idea of Highlander. John F. Blair, publisher.
Thomas Bledsoe. 1969. Or We'll All Hang Separately: The Highlander Idea. Beacon Press.
Paulo Freire. 1970. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Continuum.
John M. Glen. 1988. Highlander: No Ordinary School. University press of Kentucky.
Aimee Isgrig Horton. 1989. The Highlander Folk School: A History of its Major Programs, 1932-1961. Carlson Publishing.
Celene Krauss. 1988. "Grass-Root Consumer Protests and Toxic Wastes: Developing a Critical Political View." Community Development 23:258-265.
Week10, Mar 14-16: Workshops--community research and education.
DUE: "This week I Learned…" paper by Wednesday, Mar 16.
Read it for Monday
The Community Toolbox, by the Community Toolbox Team. How to Conduct Research: An Overview, http://ctb.lsi.ukans.edu/tools/EN/sub_section_main_1210.htm or other sections from http://ctb.lsi.ukans.edu/tools/EN/chapter_1031.htm
Kim Bobo, Jackie Kendall, Steve Max. Organizing for social change: a manual for activists in the 1990's. Washington: Seven Locks Press. Chapter on Tactical investigations.
Randy Stoecker, Are Academics Irrelevant? Roles for Scholars in Participatory Research" at http://comm-org.wisc.edu/papers98/pr.htm
Road Raging - Top Tips for Wrecking Roadbuilding, http://www.eco-action.org/rr/index.html. See links to Chapter 6: Getting information
Lesbian Avengers' Civil Rights Organizing Project. Out Against The Right: An Organizing Handbook. http://www.octobertech.com/october/handbook.nsf/contents?OpenView&count=100 See links to: Community Research and Know Your Enemy: Researching the Christian Right
Week 11, Mar 21-23: Diversity in Community Organizing--non-conflict models.
(no class Mar 21 due to academic conference)
DUE: "This week I Learned…" paper by Wednesday, Mar 23.
READ: any two of the following (in books, one chapter counts as one reading) and be prepared to report on what you have read in class on Wednesday:
Randy Stoecker & Susan Stall, "Community Organizing or Organizing Community?: Gender and the Crafts of Empowerment". http://comm-org.wisc.edu/papers96/gender2.html. An updated version of the article is in Gender and Society, Volume 12, Number 6, December 1998.
Douglas R. Hess, Community Organizing, Building and Developing: Their Relationship to Comprehensive Community Initiatives, Douglas R. Hess, 1999 (Chapter 3) http://comm-org.wisc.edu/papers99/hesscontents.htm
Dale E. Masi. 1981. Organizing for Women, Lexington Books.
Michael Eichler. "Look To The Future, Learn From The Past." Shelterforce Online, September/October, 1998. http://www.nhi.org/online/issues/101/eichler.html
Week 12, Mar 28-30: Workshops--campaign design (issues and tactics).
DUE: "This week I Learned…" paper by Wednesday, Mar. 30.
Download, print out, and read Workshop 7: Issue Selection
Download, print out, and read Workshop 8: Tactics
READ: any two of the following and be prepared to report on what you have read in class on Monday:
Week 13, Apr. 4-6: Workshops--Negotiation.
Shel Trapp, Basics Of Organizing, http://www.tenant.net/Organize/orgbas.html links to: Identifying Issues, Leadership Meeting, Public Meeting, Check List for the Public Meeting, Organizing a Demonstration.
The Community Toolbox, by the Community Toolbox Team. Organizing Public Demonstrations, http://ctb.lsi.ukans.edu/tools/EN/sub_section_main_1258.htm or other sections from http://ctb.lsi.ukans.edu/tools/EN/chapter_1033.htm
Lesbian Avengers' Civil Rights Organizing Project. Out Against The Right: An Organizing Handbook. http://www.octobertech.com/october/handbook.nsf/contents?OpenView&count=100 See link to: What's Wrong With This Picture? A Critique of the Mainstream Campaign Model, Also see tactics links at: Direct Action for Visibility
Kim Bobo, Jackie Kendall, Steve Max. Organizing for social change: a manual for activists in the 1990's. Washington: Seven Locks Press. Choose from chapters on Choosing an issue, Developing a strategy, A guide to tactics, Designing actions
Road Raging - Top Tips for Wrecking Roadbuilding, http://www.eco-action.org/rr/index.html Chapters 8-13.
Tactics of Targets, http://comm-org.wisc.edu/resources/tactics.htm by ACORN.
DUE: "This week I Learned…" paper by Wednesday, Apr. 6.
Read it for Monday
Week 14, Apr. 11-13: Community Development: CDCs and their contextShel Trapp, Basics Of Organizing, http://www.tenant.net/Organize/orgbas.html links to: Negotiation,
Presenting Facts and Research. You will also find the section on public meetings helpful.
Environmental Information Network, The Control Game, http://www.actionpa.org/activism/controlgame.html
DUE: "This week I Learned…" paper by Wednesday, Apr. 13.
DUE: Project rough drafts or progress reports by Friday, Apr. 15.
Bruyn, Severyn T. 1987. Beyond the Market and the State. Pp. 3-27 in Severyn T. Bruyn and James Meehan (eds) Beyond the market and the State: New Directions in Community Development. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Janice K. Tulloss. Transforming Urban Regimes - A Grassroots Approach to Comprehensive Community Development: The Dudley Street Neighborhood Initiative. A COMM-ORG Working Paper. http://comm-org.wisc.edu/papers98/tulloss.htm
Thomas J. Lenz. 1988. "Neighborhood Development: Issues and Models." Social Policy spring, pp. 24-30.
The Chicago Rehab Network. Development Without Displacement Task Force Background Paper. http://tigger.uic.edu/~pwright/dwd.html
Barry Checkoway, 1985. "Neighborhood Planning Organizations: Perspectives and Choices." Journal of Applied Behavioral Science 21:471-486.
Neal R. Peirce and Carol F. Steinbach, Enterprising Communities: Community-Based Development in America, 1990, Council for Community-Based Development, 1990.
Rubin, Herbert J. 1993. Understanding the Ethos of Community- Based Development: Ethnographic Description for Public Administrators. Public Administration Review sept/oct 53:428-437.
Zdenek, Robert. 1987. Community Development Corporations. Pp. 112-127 in Severyn T. Bruyn and James Meehan (eds) Beyond the market and the State: New Directions in Community Development. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Carolyn Teich Adams. 1990. "Non Profit Housing Producers in the U.S.: Why so Rare?" Paper delivered at the Urban Affairs Association annual meetings.
Harry Edward Berndt. 1977. New Rulers in the Ghetto: The Community Development Corporation and Urban Poverty. Greenwood Press.
Suzy Croft and Peter Beresford. 1988. "Being on the Receiving End: Lessons for Community Development and User Involvement." Community Development 23:273-279.
John H. Fish. 1973. Black Power/White Control. Princeton University Press.
Richard P. Taub. 1990. "Nuance and Meaning in Community Development: Finding Community and Development." New York: Community Development Research Center, Graduate School of Management and Urban Policy, New School of Social Research.
(Symposium on Citizen Participation, Voluntary Organizations and Community Development) American Journal of Community Pschyology 18:55-81.
Haeberle, Steven H. (1988) "Community Projects and Citizen Participation: Neighborhood Leaders Evaluate Their Accomplishments." Social Science Quarterly 69:1014-21.
Felix Rivera and John Erlich. 1995. Community Organizing in a Diverse Society. Chapters 2, 12 .
James A. Christenson and Jerry W. Robinson, Jr. 1989. Community Development in Perspective. Iowa State University Press.
Juliet Saltman. 1990. A Fragile Movement: The Struggle for Neighborhood Stabilization. Greenwood Press.
DUE: "This week I Learned…" paper by Wednesday, Apr. 20.
Read it for Monday
Sandy O'Donnell and Ellen Schumer. Community Building & Community Organizing: Issues in Creating Effective Models. Shelterforce On-Line http://www.nhi.org:80/online/issues/85/combuild.html
Randy Stoecker, Crossing the Development-Organizing Divide: A Report on the
Toledo Community Organizing Training and Technical Assistance Program, 2001,
Randy Stoecker, Community Development and Community Organizing: Apples and Oranges? Chicken and Egg? 2001, http://comm-org.wisc.edu/drafts/orgdevppr2c.htm
Randy Stoecker, Power or Programs? Two Paths to Community Development, 2001, http://comm-org.wisc.edu/drafts/twopathsb2.htm
Lee Winkelman, Massachusetts Community Development Corporations and Community Organizing. A COMM-ORG Working Paper. http://comm-org.wisc.edu/papers98/winkelman.htm
Lee Winkelman. "Organizing Renaissance." In Shelterforce Online http://www.nhi.org/online/issues/101/winkleman.html
Giloth, Robert. (1985) "Organizing for Neighborhood Development." Social Policy 15:37-42.
Randy Stoecker, "Community Organizing and Community Development in Cedar-Riverside and East Toledo." Journal of Community Practice, Vol. 2, No. 3.
Jamison, Michael S. (1985) "The Joys of Gardening: Collectivist and Bureaucratic Cultures in Conflict." The Sociological Quarterly 26:473-90.
Holmes, Len, and Margaret Grieco. (1991) "Overt Funding, Buried Goals, and Moral Turnover: the Organizational Transformation of Radical Experiments." Human Relations 44:643-64.
Hunter, Albert, and Suzanne Staggenborg. (1986) "Communities Do Act: Neighborhood Characteristics, Resource Mobilization, and Political Action by Local Community Organizations." The Social Science Journal 23.2:169-80.
Keyes, Langley. (1987/88) "The Shifting Focus of Neighborhood Groups: the Massachussetts Experience." Policy Studies Journal 16:300-6.
DUE: "This week I Learned…" paper by Wednesday, Apr 27.
Read it for Monday
Finals Period: No ClassThe Citizen's Handbook, by Charles Dobson of the Vancouver Citizen's Committee. http://www.vcn.bc.ca/citizens-handbook/ Read links to: Visioning Exercises
The Community Toolbox, by the Community Toolbox Team. Participatory Approaches to Planning Community Interventions, http://ctb.lsi.ukans.edu/tools/EN/sub_section_main_1143.htm
Marie Kennedy, "Transformative Community Planning: Empowerment Through Community Development." The Planners Network http://www.picced.org/resource/pn/combased.htm
Robert Cassidy, Ch. 5 in Livable Cities, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1980.
Ken Reardon et al. 1993. "Participatory Action Research From the Inside: Community Development in East St.Louis." The American Sociologist 24:69-91.
Henry Sanoff. Designing With Community Participation. McGraw-Hill, 1978.
William M. Rohe and Lauren B. Gates Planning With Neighborhoods. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985.
Hutcheson, John D., and James E. Prather. (1988) "Community Mobilization and Participation in the Zoning Process." Urban Affairs Quarterly 23:346-68.
DUE: final projects, graduate projects.