In this course, we will review literature and research
on "borders” in international, jurisdictional, economic, identity, and
metaphoric senses, focusing especially on the U.S.-Mexico border. We will also
analyze and compare educational policies and programs situated inside different
“borders,” where contrasting policies and civic capacities lead to different
outcomes. Evaluative criteria will emphasize the ability to synthesize
disparate literatures; to apply analysis to action (especially the “borders”
between the campus/district and parents); to write book reviews; and to extract
research designs, where relevant, in order to move seminar participants toward
the next level of their doctoral experiences.
We are all privileged to live and work at an international territorial
borderline—the field of our study. We will take advantage of opportunities to
observe and to dialogue with 'el otro lado.' Specifically, we will schedule a
visit to the museum, market, and cathedral in Ciudad Juarez, using the pedestrian bridge. Participants might
wish to avail themselves of print media from Juarez, specifically the local sections of Norte de
Ciudad Juarez and Diario de Juarez (the latter also available (www.diario.com.mx)
condensed on the web, w/several articles per day).
*short reflection papers on the readings, as noted in the reading list
below (*)specifically (~2 pp) (20%)
*applications project, individually or in a team (but
individual papers submitted) (15%) that identifies a district (or campus)
parental involvement/engagement strategy, diagnoses it, and develops a strategy
to expand or deepen that strategy.
*book review, based on evaluation template that we develop collectively
(see # before books below that are suitable for reviews) (20%), presented in
Introductory remarks on thinking in and outside boxes (borders).
Template for Book Review
Speaker, Dr. Judith Munter, on the FIPSE grant
(applications project) Video: Region XIX, Exceeding Expectations: Parental
Engagement in Action
Supplementary Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (peruse)
James Banks, "The Lives and Values of Researchers?" Educational Researcher,
||Old- and New-Style Border Studies
John Sharp, Bordering the Future:
Challenge and Opportunity in the Texas Border Region (www.window.state.tx.us/border/),
Introduction, Bordering The Future
Staudt & Spener, "A View from the Frontier: Theoretical Perspectives
Undisciplined," in David Spener & Kathleen Staudt, eds. The U.S.-Mexico
Border: Transcending Divisions, Contesting Identities (Boulder: Lynne
Octavio Paz, "Mexico and the United States" (the "Washington
address") New Yorker, September 17, 1979
Supplementary Ellwyn Stoddard, "The Status of Borderlands Studies," Social
Science Journal 12, 3, 1975-6; "Legitimacy and Survival of a Professional
Organization: The Association of Borderlands Scholars," Journal Of
Borderlands Studies 7, 1, 1992
Vicki Ruiz and Susan Tiano, eds. Women on the U.S.-Mexico Border (Boston:
Allen and Unwin, 1987)
Debbie Nathan, Women and Other Aliens: Essays from the U.S.- Mexico Border (Cinco
Puntos Press, 1991), esp "The Eyes of Texas Are Upon You"
Debates on Octavio Paz's "essentialist" view: Willard Gingerich, "The
Poetics of History: A Defense of the Washington Address of Octavio Paz,"
OR/AND James Wilkie, "The Historical View of Octavio Paz: A Critique of
the Washington Address," both in New Scholar 9, Special Issue "Border
Perspectives on the U.S./Mexico Relationship," 1984.
Robert Alvarez, "The Border as a Social System: The California Case," New
Scholar 9 (1984)
||Nationalism and Territorial Borders
Rippberger and Staudt, Forward
(by Velez-Ibanez) and Ch 1
Oscar Martinez, Border People: Life and Society in the U.S.-Mexico
Borderlands (esp Chs 1-2) (U of Arizona Press, 1994)
Benedict Anderson, "Census, Map, and Museum," (handout) OR Peruse the whole
of Imagined Communities (1983, 1991)
*How might the construction of borders and/or of diverse identities among
border peoples, be integrated in research? Consider how diverse readings
affect your thinking, as practitioners And researchers, as you cross and/or
Supplementary Becoming National, Geoff Eley and Ronald Suny (NY: Oxford
University Press, 1996), esp their Introduction and the classic statement,
Ernest Renan, "What is a Nation?"
Peter Ward and Victoria Rodriguez, with Enrique Cabrero Mendoza, New
Federalism and State Government in Mexico (Austin: University Of Texas,
U.S.-Mexico Series, 1999), esp. Cabrero's Ch 6, "Education: Cutting Edge of
#Judith Hellman, Mexican Lives, New Press, 1994
|| Cultural/Ethnic Identities
Kohl, Preface and "I Won't Learn from You"
Pablo Vila, "Gender and the Overlapping of Region, Nation, and Ethnicity on
the U.S.-Mexico Border," OR "The Polysemy of the Label 'Mexican' on the
Border," in Vila, ed. Ethnography at the Border, University of Minnesota
Benjamin Alire Saenz, "Exile: El Paso, Texas," in Flowers for the Broken
(Seattle: Broken Moon Press, 1992) - handout
*Do people of Mexican heritage and/or Spanish- language speakers share
solidarities with one another, with or without borders?
Speaker, Dr. Tony Payan
#Ariel Dorfman, Heading South, Looking North: A Bilingual
Journey Penguin, 1997
#Pablo Vila, Crossing Borders, Reinforcing Borders, University of Texas
Nina Glick Schiller, et al, "Transnationalism," in Transnational
Perspectives on Migration: Race, Class, Ethnicity, and Nationalism
Reconsidered (1992) and/or Nationalism Reconsidered (1994)
Cristina Garcia, Dreaming in Cuban (Ballantine, 1992)
Gloria Anzaldua, Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza (San Francisco:
Aunt Lute, 1987)
Verghese, Abraham, The Tennis Partner (Harper 1998)
Renato Rosaldo, Culture & Truth (Stanford U Press, 1989).
Shirley, Community Organizing?, Chs 1-2
Sharp, Bordering the Future, Chs on the Economy and Public Education
*Visit the U.S. Bureau of the Census web site (www.census.gov) to check your
zip code area and/or that of the schools/districts you may research. Bring
highlighted printouts, noting observations/patterns, along with a synthesis
of useful material from Shirley and Sharp.
U.S.-Mexico Borderlands: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives
(Wilmington, De: Scholarly Resources) - on reserve
#Staudt, Free Trade?
Informal Economies at the U.S.-Mexico Border Ch 3, on historical political
economy, (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1998)
#Oscar Martinez, Border Boom Town: Ciudad Juarez Since 1848 (Austin:
University of Texas Press, 1978)
#Mario Garcia, Desert Immigrants: The Mexicans of El Paso, 1880-1920 (New
Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1981)
George Sanchez, Becoming Mexican American: Ethnicity, Culture, and Identity
in Chicano Los Angeles, 1900-1945 (NY: Oxford University Press, 1993), esp
Ch 4 and later chapters on education in WWII era -
#Guadalupe San Miguel, Jr., "Let All of Them Take Heed" Mexican Americans
and the Campaign for Educational Equality in Texas, 1910-81 (Austin: U of
Texas Press, 1987)
Mary Kay Vaughan, The State, Education, and Social Class in Mexico 1880-1928
(DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1982)
Paul Schuster Taylor, An American-Mexican Frontier: Nueces County, Texas
(NY: Russell & Russell, 1934), Chs 25 and 26 on education
LBJ School of Public Affairs, Preparing for the 21st Century (Austin:
University of Texas, Policy Research Project Report #107, 1994).
|| Historical Perspectives: El Paso/Juarez, Civil Rights and
Rippberger and Staudt, Ch 2
Baselines on five southwestern states!
U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (CCR),
Mexican American Education Study (Six-Monograph Series) - comparative study
of 5 southwestern border states - available in Government Documents
(1971-74) - Peruse entire
*TEAM project, w/individual reports Write a
summary of 3 monographs from the CCR, extracting research methodologies,
policy and civic implications. Was the legacy of "intentional segregation"
corrected (?) in Alvarado v. EPISD 1976 by Y2K+ El Paso?
Speaker: Dr. Susana Navarro
UTEP Oral History Institute: Listen and/or read transcripts
from El Paso's Desegregation case (Alvarado, et.al v. EPISD), litigated
Finalized 1976, MALDEF and Alberto Armendariz, Sr., lead attorneys) -
Special Collections, library, and access through www.utep.edu (click
history, then Oral History Institute) OR other education narratives
Bonnie Urciuoli, "Language and Borders," Annual Review of Anthropology 1995,
|| Contemporary Education at International and Cultural Borderlines
Shirley, Ch 5 on Ysleta Elementary School
Rippberger and Staudt, Chs 3-5
Kids Count, The State of Texas Children 2003, http://factbook.cppp.org
Texas on the Brink, "How Texas Ranks Among the 50 States," http://www.shapleigh.org/BrinkWeb.pdf
Child Advocacy 101 http://texanscareforchildren.org
*Consider the narratives on El Paso and Juarez with the numeric pictures
painted of Texas. Who speaks for children?
Supplementary #Harriett D. Romo and Toni Falbo, Latino High School
Graduation (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1996), esp Ch 2,
#Gary Orfield, "The Growth of Segregation: African Americans, Latinos, And
Unequal Education," in Orfield et.al ('the Harvard Project on School
Desegregation') Dismantling Desegregation: The Quiet Reversal of Brown v.
Board of Education (NY: New Press, 1996)
#Anthony Bryk, et.al Charting Chicago School Reform (Boulder: Westview
Susan Rippberger, "Ideological Shifts in Bilingual Education: Mexico
And the United States," Comparative Education Review 37, 1 (1993)
Valdes, "The World Outside and Inside Schools: Language and Immigrant
Children," Educational Researcher, Aug-Sep 1998
Women and Education in Latin
America, Nelly Stromquist, ed. (articles On SNTE-National Union of Education
Workers in Mexico)
Ben Saenz, "The Use of Culturally Relevant and Multicultural Literature To
Promote Student Success," UTEP Working Paper 1999
#Maria Luisa Gonzalez, Ana Huerta-Macias, Josefina Villamil Tinajero, Latino
Students: A Guide to Successful Practice (Technomic 1998) -
Maria Teresa Tatto, "Education Reform and State Power in Mexico: The Paradoxes of
Decentralization," Comparative Education Review 43, 3 1999, pp. 251-282.
K. Welner and J. Oakes, "(Li)Ability Grouping: The New Susceptibility of
School Tracking Systems to Legal Challenges," Harvard Educational Review 66,
Beatriz Calvo, "The Policy of Modernization of Education: A Challenge To
Democracy in Mexico," in Ethnic Identity and Power: Cultural Contexts of
Political Action in School and Society (Albany: SUNY 1998)
Carola and Marcelo Suarez-Orozco, Trans-Formations: Immigration, Family
Life, and Achievement Motivation Among Latino Adolescents (Stanford
University Press, 1995)
#Daniel Morales-Gomez and Carlos Albert Torres, The State, Corporatist
Politics, and Educational Policy Making in Mexico (NY: Praeger 1990/1)
|| Civic Capacity Across Institutional, Political, and Jurisdictional Borders
Shirley, Ch 3, 4, 6, plus Chs 7-8
Compare two chapters in Clarence Stone, ed. Changing Urban Education,
University of Kansas Press, 1998 (Marion Orr, on Baltimore; Timothy Ross On
East Brooklyn; Dorothy Shipps on Chicago; Thomas Longoria on Houston)
El Paso Collaborative for Academic Excellence: Visit www.epcae.org for
Education Summit, El Paso 2000
Video on Summit
*What is the most effective and replicable case in Shirley? How does El
Paso's Ysleta ES experience compare on parental involvement/engagement
terms? Contrast the single campus cases with metropolitan networks (ie San
Antonio) and state action. What IS the role of civic capacity in reforming
Speaker: Joe Rubio, Lead Organizer, EPISO
Kohl, "The Tattooed Man"
K.Staudt, "Mexico Reflects on the United States: Colonias, Politics, and
Public Services in Fragmented Federalism," in Staudt & Spener
Lawrence Herzog, Where North Meets South: Cities, Space, and
Politics On the U.S.-Mexico Border (Austin: U of Texas Press, 1990)
#Clarence Stone, Building Civic Capacity: The Politics of Reforming Urban
Schools, University of Kansas Press, 2001.
Kenneth Meier, et.al. "The Politics of Bureaucratic Discretion: Edu-
Cational Access as an Urban Service," American Journal of Political Science
35, 1 (1991)
Michelle Saint-Germain, "Re-Presenting the Public Interest on The
U.S.-Mexico Border," in Staudt & Spener
Victoria Rodriguez and Peter Ward, Policymaking, Politics, and Urban
Governance in Chihuahua (Austin: U of Texas/LBJ Policy Report, 1992) (Juarez
and Chihuahua City/late 1980s perspectives)
Victoria Rodriguez, Decentralization in Mexico (Westview, 1998) -
||The Borders of Class and Gender: Poverty, Privilege, and Inequality
Rippberger and Staudt, Ch 6
Linda McNeil and Angela Valenzuela, "The Harmful Impact of Testing in Texas:
Beneath the Accountability Rhetoric," in Gary Orfield and Mindy Kornhaber,
eds. Raising Standards or Raising Barriers: Inequality and High-Stakes
Testing in Public Education, Century Foundation Press, 2001.
Kohl, "Excellence, Equality, and Equity," and "Uncommon Differences"
Maricela Oliva and K. Staudt, "Pathways to Teaching: Latino Student Choices
And Professional Identity Development in a Teacher-Training Magnet Program,"
Equity and Excellence in Education Special Issue, Partnering For Equity, 36,
3, September 2003, pp. 270-79.
*Visit www.tea.state.tx.us, then click Academic Excellence Indicator System
(AEIS), then select a border campus or district at the border with a
non-border campus or district. Bring highlighted printouts and a summary of
observations/patterns. What are the "screaming silences" (that ought to be
part of a public accountability system for parents and residents) on the
"A New Texas: 'Invest in Kids, Invest in Our Future'," Border
committee hearings powerpoint, 2003
Speaker: Richard Gutierrez, Project SHINE and former President, TSTA
#Carlos Velez-Ibanez, Border Visions, University of Arizona
Frontera Norte, various issues, including 6 (1994), "La Pobreza: Aspectos
Teoricos, Metodologicos y Empiricos"
#Jose Angel Gutierrez, The Making of a
Chicano Militant: Lessons from Cristal, University of Wisconsin Press, 1998
|| Immigration Policy: New Americanization Efforts
Video: The Time Has
Come (on Bowie HS/South-Central El Paso)
Speaker: Juan Cybert-Coronado, invited not yet confirmed
www.ins.gov (citizenship questions) Locate analysis of the 'new' immigration
proposal: What does open and closed borders mean for schools
#Marcelo Suarez-Orozco, ed. Crossings: Mexican Immigration in
Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Harvard University Press, 1998.
#D. Gutierrez, Walls and Mirrors: Mexican Americans, Mexican Immigrants, and
the Politics of Ethnicity, University of California at Berkeley Press, 1996
Carlos Velez-Ibanez and Anna Sampiao, eds. Transnational Latino Communities,
Rowman and Littlefield, 2002
U.S. Commission on Immigration Reform, U.S. Immigration Policy: Restoring
Credibility (1994) Becoming an American: Immigration and Immigrant Policy
(both Reports to Congress)
Katharine Donate, "U.S. Policy and Mexican Migration to the United States,
1942-92," Social Science Quarterly 75, 4 (1994)
and Demographics in El Paso
Stone, Chs 8-10 on business involvement in
educational reform in Chicago, Charlotte, and Houston.
Debbie Nathan, "The
Trials of Ray Caballero," Texas Observer, April 11, 2003
Speaker: Dr. Lorraine O'Donnell, EDLF and EPISD Trustee
Shirley, finish, Chs 9-12 Rippberger and Staudt, Ch 7
How can we build "civic capacity" (Stone, et.al) and/or "social capital"
(Shirley) to strengthen educational performance for all children in the
region (you define the 'borders')?
#David Brooks and Jonathan Fox, eds. Cross-Border Dialogues:
U.S.-Mexico Social Movement Networking, University of California at San
Diego, U.S.- Mexican Studies Center, 2002.
#Peter Eckel and Adrianna Kezar, Taking the Reins: Institutional
Transformation in Higher Education, American Council on Education 2003
#K. Staudt and Irasema Coronado, Fronteras No Mas: Toward Social Justice at the
U.S.-Mexico Border, Palgrave USA 2002.
||Parental Engagement/Involvement Strategies Apr 24 Research Design