Social Work 441 Course Outline--Spring 2002

Generalist Social Work Practice with Communities and Institutions

Instructor: Dr. Moshe ben Asher Home phone: (323) 934-2925
Office: SSPA 162 Home fax: (323) 934-2913
Office Hours: Mon/Wed, 12:00-1:00 & 2:30-3:30
Office Phone: (562) 985-4616

Course Description

The following courses are prerequisites for this course: SW331, 340, 341,351. Concurrent enrollment in SW495B is required. This course provides an adaptation of generalist social work practice to macro generalist practice with communities and institutions. Macro generalist practice is a form of social work to address social problems and for the social development of communities and institutions. Community organizers and developers in macro generalist practice use theories and technologies to help citizens join together to bring their values and beliefs into action. The social work goal is that they reach for and realize fully their individual and collective human potential. The course includes an analysis of theories and principles underlying macro practice, their application to organizational, communal, and institutional settings, and specific techniques and methods appropriate to community organizing and development.

Educational Goals

This is a methods course aimed at surveying the knowledge and skill base of macro practice with communities and institutions, to familiarize students with the specifics of the macro practitioner's role and the dynamics of the practice arena. The educational goals of this course include: (1) teaching one of the generalist social work practice methods and preparing students for entry-level BASW professional practice; and (2) equipping students with professional knowledge and skills for advanced standing in graduate social work education.

The search for social justice is the core value driving social work macro practice. The aim of the course is to give the student foundation knowledge and skill for professional practice that will promote more equitable distribution of income, goods, and services, and redistribution of basic political and economic resources, their costs and benefits. The social development goal is to help relieve the powerlessness that makes injustice inevitable and poverty inescapable.

The overall classroom experience is designed to develop in students the professional habit of practice and systematic reflection (incorporating scientific methods of observation and inquiry) that leads to continuous self-evaluation and strategic insight.

The goals of the course encompass teaching content and methods that enable social change by remedying problems through incremental policy and by social development through structural modifications. Both approaches require the full range of macro practice interventions--planning, organizing, and administering--although in differing proportions. Macro practitioners working for distributive and re-distributive ends may be employed in a broad range of settings--public and private, large and small--with both top-down and bottom-up sponsorship. Withal, community organizing and development, as a practical matter, involves four primary tasks: building community, building organization, building mobilization, and building institutions.

The course acknowledges as healthy the tensions between practices geared toward incremental and structural changes. There is an understanding that the macro practitioner must strive for balance between the pulls of different constituencies and the pressures of diverse sponsors, while remaining committed to action that promotes social justice.

Course Objectives

The course objectives are geared to:

  1. Develop the student's interest in studying community organizing and development as a generalist social work practice;
  2. Enhance the student's understanding of human diversity in the political-economic, socio-cultural, and socio-ecological forces that influence the process of community organizing and development;
  3. Assist the student's learning of various theories of community, ethnic organizations, and political-economic institutions, and the key concepts, skills, and strategies of community organizing and development;
  4. Help the student's practice of integrating knowledge of behavioral theories, social policies, research methods, assessment tools, and evaluation;
  5. Foster the student's attitude and professional responsibility toward social justice, universal humanity, and human diversity involved in changing communities, organizations, institutions, social policies, and legislation;
  6. Assist the student's evaluation of the planned changes in local communities, organizations, institutions, and social action programs; and
  7. Help the student's review of his or her own experiences of community practice in fieldwork agencies.

Course Expectations

Upon completion of this course, students are expected to achieve a basic level of competency to:

  1. Define and apply the various concepts and theories of power, community, community organizing and development, and social action as aspects of generalist social work practice;
  2. Describe the historical development of community organizing and development, and social action in the United States;
  3. Develop self-awareness and identify the field of action for professional practice and common elements of generalist practice with communities, organizations, and institutions;
  4. Clarify individual, professional, and target group values, ethnic values, strengths and obstacles related to planned intervention in community organization and institutional change;
  5. Analyze theories in the mainstream society and the communities of socio-cultural and human diversity, demonstrate ability to analyze a community as a part of an interactive socio-ecosystem and extrapolate its power structure, and major institutional leadership;
  6. Demonstrate an understanding of demographic-ethnic differences in working with various neighborhood groups, organizations, community networks, and social agencies;
  7. Define community issues, collect data, assess needs, engage in planning and contracting with community clients or social agencies, propose alternative interventions and appropriate courses of action as well as the current research methods in monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of the collective efforts; and
  8. Develop a broad view of generalist practice with macro systems related to human diversity, ethnicity, gender, aging, poverty, disability, sexual orientation, and oppressed groups as well as work with other professionals in promoting community organization and development, social planning, social action and institutional change.

Teaching Philosophy

A balanced development of the student's intellectual, emotional, social, cultural, physical, ethical, and spiritual capacity and their potential achievements is the main concern of this social work course offering. This course aims to orient students into professional social work with a generalist practice in macro systems of community organizations and institutions. The integration of behavioral theories, socio-cultural theories, socio-ecological theories, political-economic theories, and historical-philosophical theories related to generalist social work practice is emphasized.

Course Methodology

The course teaching methods will include reading, lecture, discussion, classroom exercises and role-plays, videos, and team-produced video term projects.

Course Requirements

Students are expected to prepare for this course by reading the articles and chapters assigned by the instructor. Reading and other assignments are to be completed by the date for which they are listed (except as otherwise noted). On all exams and assignments, identify yourself only by your Social Security number--do not use your name. Regular class attendance, on-time completion of all assignments, and participation in class exercises are required. Students must attend the classroom examinations as scheduled. Make-up exams and assignments are not given except under the most extreme circumstances.

Examinations and Grading Policies

Following the University's policy and regulations, examinations and grades for students' performance are required for this course. All of the assignments are evaluated and graded according to the quality of each student's performance. An A is considered excellent, B is good and above average, C is fair and average, D is below average, and F is failing and unacceptable.

Weighting of Grades

Required Texts

Class Meetings & Assignments

1. Monday, January 28

2. Wednesday, January 30

Robert Bailey, Jr., Radicals in Urban Politics: The Alinsky Approach (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974).

Lawrence Neil Bailis, Bread or Justice (Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books, 1974).

Kathleen C. Berkeley, The Women's Liberation Movement in America (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999).

Neil Betten et al., The Roots of Community Organizing: 1917-1939 (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1990).

Paul H. Boase (ed.), The Rhetoric of Protest and Reform, 1878-1898 (Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 1980).

Harry C. Boyte, Heather Booth, and Steve Max, Citizen Action and the New American Populism (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1986).

Thomas R. Brooks, Toil and Trouble, A History of American Labor (New York: Delacorte Press, 1971).

James W. Button, Blacks and Social Change: Impact of the Civil Rights Movement in Southern Communities (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1993).

James W. Button et al., Private Lives, Public Conflicts: Battles Over Gay Rights in American Communities (Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 1997).

Dudley Clendinen and Adam Nagourney, Out for Good: The Struggle to Build a Gay Rights Movement in America (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1999).

Allen F. Davis, American Heroine: The Life and Legend of Jane Addams (New York: Oxford University Press, 1973).

P. David Finks, The Radical Vision of Saul Alinsky (New York: Paulist Press, 1984).

Robert Fisher, Let the People Decide: Neighborhood Organizing in America (New York: Maxwell Macmillan International, 1994).

Walter Galenson, The American Labor Movement, 1955-1995 (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996).

David J. Garrow (ed.), Birmingham, Alabama, 1956-1963: The Black Struggle for Civil Rights (Brooklyn, NY: Carlson Publications, 1989).

Irving Louis Horowitz, The Struggle Is the Message: The Organization and Ideology of the Anti-War Movement (Berkeley, CA: Glendessary Press, 1970).

James Jennings (ed.), Blacks, Latinos, and Asians in Urban America: Status and Prospects for Politics and Activism (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1994).

Nick Kotz and Mary Lynn Kotz, A Passion for Equality, George A. Wiley and the Movement (New York: W.W. Norton, 1974).

Christopher Lasch (ed.), The Social Thoughts of Jane Addams (Indianapolis and New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1965).

George McKenna (ed.), American Populism (New York: Putnam, 1974).

Ruth McKenna, Industrial Valley (New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1939).

Joan E. Lancourt, Confront or Concede: The Alinsky Citizen Action Organizations (Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1979).

Eric Marcus, Making History: The Struggle for Gay and Lesbian Equal Rights, 1945-1990: An Oral History (New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 1992).

Diane Helene Miller, Freedom to Differ: The Shaping of the Gay and Lesbian Struggle for Civil Rights (New York: New York University Press, 1998).

Robert L. Morlan, Political Prairie Fire (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1955).

Robert Arthur Rosenbloom, Pressuring Policy Making from the Grass Roots: The Evolution of an Alinsky-Style Organization (Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University, 1976).

Barbara Levy Simon, The Empowerment Tradition in American Social Work: A History (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994).

Melvin Small and William D. Hoover (eds.), Give Peace A Chance: Exploring the Vietnam Anti-War Movement, Essays from Charles DeBenedetti Memorial Conference (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1992).

Thomas J. Sugrue, The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996).

Nancy Whittier, Feminist Generations: The Persistence of the Radical Women's Movement (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1995).

3. Monday, February 4

All Team Members
--Jim Stinson, "Creative Approaches for Video Productions," Videomaker Magazine (March 2001).
--Camas High School, Technical Education, "Unit 7, Promotional Videotape" and "Unit 8, Action Videotape," Video Production Curriculum (published online at, pp. 18-24.
Storyboard & Synopsis Manager
--Bill Davis, "Storyboard: The Curse of the Poison Warlock!" Videomaker Magazine (December 2000).


--Gene Bjerke, "Instant Script Kit," Videomaker Magazine (March 2000).


--Jim Stinson, "Directing for the Screen," Videomaker Magazine (August 2001).
--Randal K. West, "Lights, Camera, Action!" Videomaker Magazine (October 2000).
--Joe Lamachia, "20 Tips for Directing Talent (Without Getting an Ulcer)," Videomaker Magazine (March 2000).
--Jim Stinson, "The Kindness of Strangers: Working with Amateur Cast & Crew," Videomaker Magazine (May 2001).
--Jim Stinson, "The Art of the Video Interview," Videomaker Magazine (July 2000).

Camera Operator

--Bill Davis, "You've Been Framed!" Videomaker Magazine (July 2001).
--Jim Stinson, "Home Video Hints," Videomaker Magazine (January 2002).
--Jim Stinson, "Home Video Hints," Videomaker Magazine (November 2001).
--Arthur Aiello, "Home Video Hints: Common Mistakes," Videomaker Magazine (February 2001).

Sound & Lighting Manager

--Robert Nulph, "Light Source," Videomaker Magazine (June 2001).
--Hal Robertson, "Sound Advice," Videomaker Magazine (December 2001).
--Butte College Radio-TV/Film Program, "Camcorder Video Production: Audio for Video."


--Jim Stinson, "Edit Suite: What is Editing," Videomaker Magazine (February 1998).
--Michael Loehr, "Edit Suite: Transition Tricks," Videomaker Magazine (April 1996).
--"Team building" (Del Mar, CA: CRM/McGraw-Hill Films, 1983) [VHS, 19 min.].
-- "Teamwork with Pat Riley" (Irwindale, CA: Barr Films, 1988 [VHS, 24 min.].

4. Wednesday, February 6

--Alan Wolfe, "The Return of Values," Tikkun, 1(2):59-64.
--Saul Alinsky, "Of Means and Ends," in (Fred M. Cox, John L. Erlich, Jack Rothman, and John E. Tropman, eds.) Strategies of Community Organization, pp. 199-208.
--Michael Reisch and Jane Isaacs Lowe, "'Of means and Ends' Revisited: Teaching Ethical Community Organizing in an Unethical Society," Journal of Community Practice, 7(1):19-38 (2000).
--Warren Haggstrom, "Basic Values."
--Richard Korn, "The Private Citizen, the Social Expert, and the Social Problem," The Moral Career of the Human Service Functionary, in (Bernard Rosenberg, Israel Gerver, and F. William Howton, eds.) Mass Society in Crisis (New York: Macmillan, 1964). [Reprinted as "Organizer Training, Training Guide #22, Reforming Organizations"].

Hannah Arendt, "Some Questions of Moral Philosophy," Social Research, 61:739-64 (Winter '94).

Ronald L. Cohen (ed.), Justice: Views from the Social Sciences (New York: Plenum Press, 1986).

Elaine P Congress and Maxine Lynn, "Group Work Practice in the Community: Navigating the Slippery Slope of Ethical Dilemmas," Social Work with Groups, 20(3):61-74 (1997).

Fred M. Cox et al., Strategies of Community Organizing, A Book of Readings (Itasca, IL: F.E. Peacock, 1970).

Carol Gilligan, "Concepts of Self and Morality," In A Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women's Development (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1982), pp. 65-105.

Burton Gummer, "Ethics and Administrative Practice: Care, Justice, and the Responsible Administrator," Administration in Social Work, 20(4):89-106 (1996).

Yeheskel Hasenfeld, "Organizational Forms as Moral Practices: The Case of Welfare Departments," Social Service Review, 74(3):329-51 (Sept. 2000).

Warren C. Haggstrom, "Refuting the Moral Case Against Social Action," Event, 6(3):20-37 (Spring 1966).

L.T. Hobhouse (Leonard Trelawney), The Elements of Social Justice (London: Allen & Unwin, 1958).

Cathy Jacobs, "Violations of the Supervisory Relationship: An Ethical and Educational Blind Spot," Part of a symposium on: Ethics and Professional Relationships, Social Work, 36:130-5 (March 1991).

Will Kymlicka and Wayne Norman, "Return of the Citizen: A Survey of Recent Work on Citizenship Theory," Ethics, 104:352-81 (January 1994).

Wilson Carey McWilliams, "In Good Faith: On the Foundations of American Politics," Humanities in Society, 6(1):19-40 (Winter 1983).

Claudia Mills, "Politics and Manipulation Campaign Ethics," Social Theory and Practice, 21:97-112 (Spring 1995).

John Rawls, Justice as Fairness (Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press/Harvard University Press, 2001).

John Rawls, A Theory of Justice (Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1999).

Neal Riemer, "The Future of the Democratic Revolution: Toward A More Prophetic Politics," Humanities in Society, 6(1):5-18 (Winter 1983).

Michael J. Sandel, "Morality and the Liberal Ideal," The New Republic (May 7, 1984), pp. 15-17.

Susan Kiss Sarnoff, "'Sanctified Snake Oil': Ideology, Junk Science, and Social Work Practice," Families in Society, 80(4):396-408 (July/August 1999).

Charlene Spretnak, The Spiritual Dimension of Green Politics (Santa Fe, NM: Bear & Company, 1986).

Kimberly Strom-Gottfried, "Ensuring ethical practice: an examination of NASW code violations, 1986-97," Social Work, 45(3):251-61 (May 2000).

Kimberly Strom-Gottfried, "When Colleague Accuses Colleague: Adjudicating Personnel Matters through the Filing of Ethics Complaints," Administration in Social Work, 23(2):1-16 (1999).

Tom Walz and Heather Ritchie, "Gandhian Principles in Social Work Practice: Ethics Revisited," Social Work, 45(3):213-22 (May 2000).

Sharon D. Welch, Sweet Dreams in America: Making Ethics and Spirituality Work (New York and London: Routledge, 1999).

5. Monday, February 11

--Abraham Joshua Heschel, "Religion in a Free Society," in The Insecurity of Freedom, pp. 1-23.
--Norman Lear, "Nurturing Spirituality and Religion in an Age of Science and Technology," New Oxford Review (April 1990), pp. 8-18.
--Gregory Pierce, "The Biblical Imperative: A Statement by the Clergy of the Queens Citizens Organization (Q.C.O.)," in Activism that Makes Sense, pp. 104-114.
--Robert L. Kinast, "The Pastoral Care of Society as Liberation," Journal of Pastoral Care, 34(2):125-130 (June 1980).
--ben Asher, "[Christian] Biblical Theology for Urban Faith Communities," Excerpts from City of God, City of Satan by Robert C. Linthicum.
--"The Poor in the Hebrew Bible" (selected verses from the Hebrew Bible).
--ben Asher, "Faith into Action: Congregational Organizing in Orange County, California."
--ben Asher, "Principles of Shared Faith."

Khulda bat Sarah and Moshe ben Asher, Gather the People: Organizing for Awe (Los Angeles: Khevra shel Kharakim & Jewish Fund for Justice, 1996).

Robert N. Bellah, "Civil Religion in America," Beyond Belief (New York: Harper & Row, 1970).

Moshe ben Asher, "Spirituality and Religion in Social Work Practice, Social Work Today, 1(7):15-18 (October 29, 2001).

Ernesto Cardenal, The Gospel in Solentiname, Vol. 1 (Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books, c. 1976, 1978).

Dan Cohn-Sherbok, On Earth as It Is in Heaven: Jews, Christians, and Liberation Theology (Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books, 1987).

Norman Cousins, "In God We Trust," The Religious Beliefs and Ideas of the Founding Fathers (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1958).

James Francis Darsey, The Prophetic Tradition and Radical Rhetoric in America (New York: New York University Press, 1997).

Donal Dorr, "Option for the Poor: Its Biblical Basis," Chapter 6, Spirituality and Justice (Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books, 1985), pp. 87-96.

Emil L. Fackenheim, "Religious Responsibility for the Social Order: A Jewish View," in (Daniel Jeremy Silver, ed.) Judaism and Ethics (KTAV Publishing House, 1970), pp. 243-48.

Abraham Joshua Heschel, The Insecurity of Freedom (New York: Schocken Books, 1959, 1966), pp. 1-23.

Martin Luther King, Jr., "Letter from Birmingham City Jail," in (Hugo Adam Bedau) Civil Disobedience: Theory and Practice (New York: Pegasus, 1969), pp. 72-89.

Michael Novak, On Two Wings: Humble Faith and Common Sense at the American Founding (San Francisco: Encounter Books, 2001).

6. Monday, February 18

--ben Asher, "Practice Theory" ("Introduction," "Social Learning," and "Social Exchange") in Social Infrastructure Organizing Technology, pp. 1-29.
--ben Asher, "Conflict and Cooperation in Macro Theory and Practice."

Albert Bandura, Social Learning Theory (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1977).

Joseph Berger et al., "Structural Aspects of Distributive Justice: A Status Value formulation," in (Joseph Berger, Morris Zelditch, and Bo Anderson, eds.) Sociological Theories in Progress, Volume Two (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1972).

Peter M. Blau, Exchange and Power in Social Life (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1964).

Robert L. Burgess and Joyce McCarl Nielsen, "An Experimental Analysis of Some Structural Determinants of Equitable and Inequitable Exchange Relations," American Sociological Review, 39(3):427-43 (June 1974).

Paul V. Crosbie, "Social Exchange and Power Compliance: A Test of Homan's Propositions," Sociometry, 35(1):203-22 (March 1972).

Richard M. Emerson, "Exchange Theory, Part I: A Psychological Basis for Social Exchange," in Sociological Theories in Progress, Volume Two, pp. 38-57.

Richard M. Emerson, "Power Dependence Relations," American Sociological Review, 27(1):31-41 (February 1962).

David Jacobs, "Dependency and Vulnerability: An Exchange Approach to the Control of Organizations," Administrative Science Quarterly, 19(1):45-59 (March 1974).

Sol Levine and Paul E. White, "Exchange as a Conceptual Framework for the Study of Interorganizational Relationships," Administrative Science Quarterly, 5(4):583-601 (March 1961).

Robert F. Mager and Peter Pipe, Analyzing Performance Problems Or 'You Really Oughta Wanna' (Belmont, CA: Fearon Publishers, 1970).

Michael J. Mahoney, Cognition and Behavior Modification (Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing, 1974).

Roland Warren, "The Interorganizational Field as a Focus for Investigation," Administrative Science Quarterly, 12(3):3966-4100 (December 1967).

Stanley Weisner and Moshe ben Asher, "Community Work and Social Learning Theory: New Lessons for Practice," Social Work, 26(2):146-50 (March 1981).

7. Wednesday, February 20

--ben Asher, "Practice Theory" ("Social Construction of Reality," "Social Development," and "Summary and Applications") in Social Infrastructure Organizing Technology, pp. 29-60.
--Voltaire Cousteau [Richard J. Johns], "Swimming with Sharks," Perspectives in Biology and Medicine (Summer 1973).
--ben Asher, "Micro Technology," in Social Infrastructure Organizing Technology, pp. 61-88.

Hannah Arendt, "The Revolutionary Tradition and its Lost Treasure," in On Revolution (New York: Viking Press, 1963, 1965), pp. 217-85.

Peter L. Berger, Pyramids of Sacrifice (New York: Anchor Books, 1976).

Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann, The Social Construction of Reality (Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor/Doubleday, 1966, 1967).

Moshe ben Asher, "You Too Can Organize A Government," The Organizer, 9(1):25-37 (Summer 1981).

Murray Edelman, Political Language (New York: Academic Press, 1977).

Gregorio M. Feliciano, "New Strategies for Social Development: Role of Social Welfare and Perspectives for the Future" in New Strategies for Social Development, Role of Social Welfare, Proceedings of the XVth International Conference on Social Welfare, Manila, Philippines, September 6-12, 1970 (London and New York: International Council on Social Welfare and Columbia University Press, 1971), pp. 96-102.

Paulo Freire, Pedagogy of the Oppressed (New York: Herder and Herder, 1970).

Robert L. Heilbroner and Aaron Singer, "The Failures of Growth," in The Economic Transformation of America (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1977), pp. 231-48.

Warren F. Ilchman and Norman Thomas Uphoff, The Political Economy of Change (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969, 1974).

Michael Novak, The Experience of Nothingness (New York: Harper & Row, 1971, 1979).

Salima Omer, "Social Development," International Social Work, 22(3):11-26 (1979).

Eugen Pusic, Social Welfare and Social Development (The Hague and Paris: Mouton, 1972).

8. Wednesday, February 27

--Rafik I. Beekun, "Team-Building."
--North Central Regional Educational Laboratory, "Skills, Knowledge, and Capacities for Effective Teamwork."
--Donald Nylen et al., "Role Functions in a Group," Handbook of Staff Development and Human Relations Training (NTL/Learning Resources Corporation, 1967), pp. 67-70.

Mel Berger (ed.), Cross-Cultural Team Building: Guidelines for More Effective Communication and Negotiation (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996).

Margaret H. Briggs, Building Early Intervention Teams: Working Together for Children and Families (Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Publishers, 1997).

William G. Dyer, Team Building: Issues and Alternatives (2nd ed.), (Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1987).

Earl J. Ends & Curtis W. Page, Organizational Team Building (Cambridge, MA: Winthrop Publishers, 1977).

Howard G. Garner (ed.), Teamwork Models and Experience in Education (Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1995).

Deborah Harrington-Mackin, The Team Building Tool Kit: Tips, Tactics, and Rules for Effective Workplace Teams (New York: AMACOM/American Management Association, 1994).

Daniel W. Midura and Donald R. Glover, More Team Building Challenges (Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1995).

Vivette Payne , The Team-Building Workshop: A Trainer's Guide (New York: AMACOM/American Management Association, 2001).

9. Monday, March 4

--Rubin and Rubin, Chs. 4 and 5, pp. 77-116.
--Mark B. Haefele, "You Got Me, Babe--So Who Needs a Bowling League?" L.A. Weekly (September 8-14, 2000), p. 45.
--"GTP Organizer Training, Training Guide #48, Quick One-to-Ones."

David M. Austin, "Influence of Community Setting on Neighborhood Action," in (John B. Turner, ed.) Neighborhood Organization for Community Action (New York: National Association of Social Workers, 1968), pp. 79-96.

Robert N. Bellah et al., Habits of the Heart (New York: Harper & Row, 1985).

Fred M. Cox et al. (eds.), "Communities," in Strategies of Community Organization, Third Edition (Itasca, IL: F.E. Peacock Publishers, 1979), pp. 212-34.

Sara M. Evans and Harry Boyte, Free Spaces (New York: Harper & Row, 1986).

David A. Hardcastle, Stanley Wenocur, and Patricia R. Powers, "The Concept of Community in Social Work Practice" in Community Practice: Theories and Skills for Social Workers (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997), pp. 97-115.

David A. Karp, Speaking of Sadness (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996).

Joseph McNeely, "Community Building," Journal of Community Psychology, 27(6):741-50 (1999).

Roland L. Warren, The Community in America (3d ed.), (Chicago: Rand McNally, 1977).

10. Wednesday, March 6

--ben Asher, "Forerunners to Modern Community Organizers in the Field of Social Work: Religious Prophets, Adult Educators, and Labor Organizers as Agents of Fundamental Social Change."
--ben Asher, "Generalist Social Work Practice: Multiple Beneficiary Models."
--"GTP Organizer Training, Training Guide #3, The Organizer's Roles."
--Gather the People, "Organizer Training, Organizer Performance Evaluation."
--Rubin and Rubin, Ch. 6, pp. 119-39.

Saul D. Alinsky, John L. Lewis, An Unauthorized Biography (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1949).

Saul Alinsky, Reveille for Radicals (New York: Vintage Books, 1946).

Saul Alinsky, Rules for Radicals (Vintage Books, 1971).

The Autobiography of Big Bill Haywood (New York: International Publishers, 1929, 1977).

The Autobiography of Malcolm X (New York: Grove Press, 1964, 1966).

The Autobiography of Mother [Mary Harris] Jones (Chicago: Charles H. Kerr, 1925, 1974).

Howard S. Becker, "Careers in Deviant Occupation Groups," in Outsiders (New York: Free Press of Glencoe, 1963), pp. 101-19.

Cesar Chavez, "The Organizer's Tale," Ramparts (July 1966).

Erich Fromm, "The Revolutionary Character," in The Dogma of Christ and Other Essays on Religion, Psychology, and Culture (Garden City, NY: Anchor/Doubleday, 1963, 1976), pp. 151-71

Jay Haley, "The Power Tactics of Jesus Christ," in The Power Tactics of Jesus Christ and Other Essays (New York: Avon Books, 1969), pp. 27-68.

Richard Griswold del Castillo and Richard A. Garcia, Cesar Chavez: A Triumph of Spirit (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1995).

Sanford D. Horwitt, Let Them Call Me Rebel: Saul Alinsky, His Life and Legacy (New York: Knopf, 1989).

Charles W. Lomas, The Agitator in American Society (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1968).

Jerre Mangione, The World Around Danilo Dolci (New York: Harper & Row, 1968).

Mohandas K. Gandhi, An Autobiography (Boston: Beacon Press, 1957).

Jacqueline B. Mondros and Scott M. Wilson, "Staying Alive: Career Selection and Sustenance of Community Organizers," Administration in Social Work, 14(2):95-109 (1990).

Robert Morris, "The Role of the Agent in Local Community Work," in (Fred M. Cox et al., eds.) Strategies of Community Organization: A Book of Readings (3d ed.), (Itasca, IL: F.E. Peacock Publishers, 1979).

S.M. O'Donnell, "Is Community Organizing 'the Greatest Job' One Could Have?" Journal of Community Practice, 2(1):1-19 (1995).

Linda Rocawich, "Si Kahn," The Progressive Interview, Progressive, 58(4):29-35 (April 1994).

Richard Rothstein, What is an Organizer (Chicago: Midwest Academy, 1973, 1974).

Irving A. Spergel, "The Role of the Community Worker," in (Ralph M. Kramer and Harry Specht, eds.) Readings in Community Organization Practice (2d ed.), (Englewood-Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1975), pp. 315-19.

Donald Woods, Biko (New York: Paddington Press, 1978).

11. Monday, March 11

--Rubin and Rubin, Ch. 7, pp. 140-63.
--ben Asher, "Neighborhood Organizing Committees."
--Industrial Areas Foundation, "Broad-Based Citizens' Organizations."
--ben Asher, "A Congregational Organizer's Primer."

Arthur M. Brazier, Black Self-Determination, The Story of the Woodlawn Organization (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1969).

Jack T. Conway, "Organizing the Poor: Community Unions," Center Diary: 18 (May-June 1967), pp. 20-26.

Robert Fisher, Let the People Decide, Neighborhood Organizing in America (New York: Twayne Publishers, 1994).

Milton Kotler, "The Neighborhood Corporation," Neighborhood Government (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1969), pp. 39-50.

Mary Beth Rogers, Cold Anger: A Story of Faith and Power Politics (Denton, TX: University of North Texas Press, 1990).

Mark R. Warren, "Community Building and Political Power," American Behavioral Scientist, 42(1):78-93 (September 1998)

Marie Overby Weil and Dorothy N. Gamble, "Community Practice Models," in Encyclopedia of Social Work (19th ed.), (Washington, DC: National Association of Social Workers), pp. 577-93.

12. Wednesday, March 13

--ben Asher and Khulda bat Sarah, "Congregational Organizing: Relationship Driven Leadership Development."
-- Si Kahn, "Leaders," in Organizing, A Guide for Grassroots Leaders, pp. 21-49.
--ben Asher and Khulda bat Sarah, "On Leadership."
--"GTP Organizer Training, Training Guide #13, Leadership Development."

Moshe ben Asher and Khulda bat Sarah, "Congregational Organizing: Relationship-Driven Leadership Development," Organizing (Spring 1995).

Kim Bobo, Jackie Kendall, and Steve Max, "Developing Leadership," in Organizing for Social Change, A Manual for Activists in the 1990s (Washington, DC: Seven Locks Press, 1991), pp. 86-93.

Ronald A. Heifetz, Leadership Without Easy Answers (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1994).

Si Kahn, Organizing, A Guide for Grassroots Leaders (Silver Spring, MD: National Association of Social Workers, 1991).

Berit M. Lakey et al., Grassroots and Nonprofit Leadership: A Guide for Organizations in Changing Times (Philadelphia, PA: New Society Publishers, 1995).

James MacGregor Burns, Leadership (New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1978).

Steve Max, Four Steps to Developing Leaders (Chicago: Midwest Academy, 1973).

Garry Wills, "What Makes A Good Leader," The Atlantic Monthly (April 1994).

13. Monday, March 18

--Rubin and Rubin, Ch. 9, pp. 189-214.
--"GTP Organizer Training, Training Guide #7, Organizational Structure & Culture."
--"GTP Organizer Training, Training Guide #32, Decision-Making."
--"GTP Organizer Training, Training Guide #25, Management."
--Gather the People, "Rules for Killing Organizations."

Paul Bernstein and Lee Bowers, "Democratic Organization and Management," Communities, 29:25-39 (November-December 1977).

Kim Bobo, Jackie Kendall, and Steve Max, "Supervision," in Organizing for Social Change, A Manual for Activists in the 1990s (Washington, DC: Seven Locks Press, 1991), pp. 202-08.

Robert L. Clifton and Alan M. Dahms, Grassroots Administration: A Handbook for Staff and Directors of Small Community-Based Social-Service Agencies (Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole, 1980).

John Martin, "The Bare Bones of Personnel Management: The Job Description" in (John E. Tropman, John L. Erlich, and Jack Rothman, eds.) Tactics and Techniques of Community Intervention (Itasca, IL: F.E. Peacock Publishers, 1995), pp. 407-11.

Rosemary C. Sarri, "Administration in Social Welfare," in Encyclopedia of Social Work (18th ed.), (Silver Spring, MD: National Association of Social Workers), pp. 40.

14. Wednesday, March 20

15. Wednesday, April 3

--Rubin and Rubin, Ch. 10, pp. 215-34.
--"GTP Organizer Training, Training Guide #18, Meetings"
--"GTP Organizer Training, Training Guide #11, Outline for Regular Meetings"
--"GTP Organizer Training, Training Guide #23, Action & Meeting Briefings"
--"GTP Organizer Training, Training Guide #20, Meetings & Actions: Reviews & Evaluations"

Kim Bobo, Jackie Kendall, and Steve Max, "Planning and Facilitating Meetings," in Organizing for Social Change, A Manual for Activists in the 1990s (Washington, DC: Seven Locks Press, 1991), pp. 94-103.

Paul Booth, Chairing (Chicago: Midwest Academy, 1974).

Leland P. Bradford, Making Meetings Work (San Diego: University Associates, 1976).

Michael Doyle and David Straus, How to Make Meetings Work (New York: Playboy Paperbacks, 1976, 1977).

John E. Jones, "Dealing With Disruptive Individuals in Meetings," in (J. William Pfeiffer and Jones, eds.) The 1980 Annual Handbook for Group Facilitators (San Diego: University Associates Publishers, 1980), pp. 161-64.

Si Kahn, "Meetings," in Organizing, A Guide for Grassroots Leaders (Silver Spring, MD: National Association of Social Workers, 1991), pp. 113-35.

Richard Rothstein, Meetings (Chicago: Midwest Academy, 1974).

Mrs. Harry Harvey Thomas (comp.), Simplified Parliamentary Procedure Based on Robert's Rules of Order (Washington, DC: League of Women Voters of the United States, 1974).

16. Monday, April 8

Anonymous, Tactical Investigations for People's Struggles (Chicago: Midwest Academy, 1972).

Will Collette, "Research for Organizing," in (Lee Staples) Roots to Power (New York: Praeger, 1984), pp. 142-51.

Fred M. Cox et al. (eds.), "What's Going On: Assessing the Situation," in Tactics and Techniques of Community Practice (Itasca, Ill.: F.E. Peacock Publishers, 1977), pp. 15-65.

Barry Greever, Checking On Elected Officials (Chicago: Midwest Academy, n.d.).

Institute for Social Justice, "Research Tips," in Action Research (New Orleans, LA: The Institute, 1980), pp. 21-22.

Si Kahn, "Research," in Organizing, A Guide for Grassroots Leaders (Silver Spring, MD: National Association of Social Workers, 1991), pp. 153-62.

Steve Max, How to Make a First Contact (Chicago: Midwest Academy, 1973).

David U. Thomas, "Some Opening Moves in Neighborhood Work," in Organizing for Social Change (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1976), pp. 69-88.

Shel Trapp, Who, Me, A Researcher? Yes, You! (Chicago: National Training and Information Center, 1979).

17. Wednesday, April 10

18. Monday, April 15

--Lee Staples, "'Analyze and Strategize': Issues and Strategy," in Roots to Power, pp. 53-92.
--Kim Bobo et al., "Choosing an Issue," in Organizing for Social Change, pp. 14-17.
Kim Bobo, Jackie Kendall, and Steve Max, "Choosing an Issue" and "Developing a Strategy," in Organizing for Social Change, A Manual for Activists in the 1990s (Washington, DC: Seven Locks Press, 1991), pp. 14-18, and 20-33.
George Brager and Steven Holloway, "The Choice of Tactics," in Changing Human Service Organizations (New York: Free Press, 1978).
Si Kahn, "Strategy," in Organizing, A Guide for Grassroots Leaders (Silver Spring, MD: National Association of Social Workers, 1991), pp. 136-52.
Jack Rothman, John E. Tropman, and John L. Erlich (eds.), Strategies of Community Intervention (5th ed.), (Itasca, IL: Peacock Press, 1995).
Lee Staples, "'Analyze and Strategize': Issues and Strategy," in Roots to Power (New York: Praeger, 1984), pp. 53-92.

19. Wednesday, April 17

Madeleine Adamson (ed.), Actions & Campaigns, Community Organization Handbook (Little Rock: The Institute, 1979).

Madeleine Adamson (ed.), "Avoiding Legislative Campaign Pitfalls," Just Economics, 8(2):5-7 (March/April 1980).

Meg Campbell, "How to Do It, Organizing a Campaign," Shelterforce, 5(1):10-11 (Fall 1979).

Barry M. Casper and Paul David Wellstone, Powerline (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1981).

Betsy Dunklin, "A Brief History of the 1979 Baltimore Rent Control Campaign," Cause & Function, 1(1):3-13 (Fall 1980).

Martha Faller, "Rent Control Stalled in Baltimore," Just Economics, 5(4):6-7 (December 1980).

John Huenefeld, The Community Activists Handbook: A Guide to Organizing, Financing, and Publicizing Community Campaigns (Boston: Beacon Press, 1970).

Faith Keating and Joyce Koupal, Success is Failure Analyzed: A Proposal for Winning Initiative Campaigns (Los Angeles: Western Bloc, 1976).

Mike Miller, The People Fight Back, Building a Tenant Union (San Francisco: Organize Training Center, 1979).

Gary Robert Schwedes, The Peoples Guide to Campaign Politics (Los Angeles: Peoples Lobby Press, 1976).

Dick Simpson, Winning Elections, A Handbook in Participatory Politics (Chicago: Swallow Press, 1972).

20. Monday, April 22

Madeleine Adamson (ed.), Actions & Campaigns, Community Organization Handbook (Little Rock: The Institute, 1979).

Moshe ben Asher, "Before and After the Action," in (Lee Staples, ed.) Roots to Power (New York: Praeger, 1984), pp. 160-63.

Moshe ben Asher, "Grassroots Organizational Battles," Social Work 21(2):151 (March 1976).

Kim Bobo, Jackie Kendall, and Steve Max, "Designing Actions" and "Holding Accountability Sessions," in Organizing for Social Change, A Manual for Activists in the 1990s (Washington, DC: Seven Locks Press, 1991), pp. 48-54 and 56-59.

Lee Staples, "'Moving into Action:' Making and Carrying Out Action Plans," in Roots to Power (New York: Praeger, 1984), pp. 93-119.

21. Wednesday, April 24

Madeleine Adamson (ed.), "Coalitions and Other Relations," Interview with Mike Miller, Just Economics, 5(6):6-7 (September 1977).

Kim Bobo, Jackie Kendall, and Steve Max, "Building and Joining Coalitions," in Organizing for Social Change, A Manual for Activists in the 1990s (Washington, DC: Seven Locks Press, 1991), pp. 70-77.

Gary Delgado, "Building Multiracial Alliances: The Case of People United for a Better Oakland," in (Robert Fisher and Joseph Kling, eds.) Mobilizing the Community: Local Politics in the Era of the Global City (Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1993), pp. 103-27.

Milan J. Dluhy, Building Coalitions in the Human Services (Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1990).

Si Kahn, "Coalitions," in Organizing, A Guide for Grassroots Leaders (Silver Spring, MD: National Association of Social Workers, 1991), pp. 238-45.

Gillian Kaye and Tom Wolff (eds.) (2d ed.), From the Ground Up: A Workbook on Coalition Building and Community Development (Amherst, MA: AHEC/Community Partners, 1997).

Mike Miller, "Building the E&GP Coalition," Just Economics, 5(6):6-7, 10 (September 1977).

Charles S.Prigmore, "The Use of the Coalition in Legislative Action," Social Work, 19(1):96-102 (January 1974).

M. Roberts-DeGennaro, "Factors Contributing to Coalition Maintenance," Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 13:248-64 (1986).

M. Roberts-DeGennaro, "Patterns of Exchange Relationships in Building a Coalition," Administration in Social Work, 11:59-67 (1987).

Tim Sampson, "Coalitions and Other Relations," in (Lee Staples) Roots to Power (New York: Praeger, 1984), pp. 207-12.

David U. Thomas, "A Coalition: the Community Worker," "A Coalition: the Resources of a Community Project," "A Coalition: the Residents," and "Working with Social Service Agencies," in Organizing for Social Change (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1976), pp. 107-29, 130-34, 89-106, 135-51.

Shel Trapp, "Coalition Organizing," in Dynamics of Organizing (Chicago: National Training and Information Center, 1976), pp. 14-16.

Joyce C. Welsh, "Operation Independence, Organization of a Community Coalition," in (Fred M. Cox et al., eds.) Tactics and Techniques of Community Practice (Itasca, Ill.: F.E. Peacock Publishers, 1977), pp. 167-72.

22. Monday, April 29

Kim Bobo, Jackie Kendall, and Steve Max, "Using the Media," in Organizing for Social Change, A Manual for Activists in the 1990s (Washington, D.C.: Seven Locks Press, 1991), pp. 116-23.

Susan Halas, "But It Was Scheduled for Tuesday"--A Media Handbook for Community Organizers (San Francisco: Youth Project, 1975).

Tom Johnson et al., "Organizing a Media Capability," Media Action Handbook (Washington, DC: National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing, 1975), pp. 3-8.

Si Kahn, "Media," in Organizing, A Guide for Grassroots Leaders (Silver Spring, MD: National Association of Social Workers, 1991), pp. 204-21.

Zach Polett, "Care & Feeding of the Press Made Easy," Just Economics, 6(6):6 (October 1978).

Don Rose, "Publicity and the Press," in Chicago Organizers' Manual (Oakland, CA: National Conference for New Politics, n.d.).

U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, A Guide to Developing a Communications Program for Health Planning Agencies (Washington, DC, 1974).

Ralph Weaver, Media Access Guide (Boston: Boston Community Media Council, n.d.).

23. Wednesday, May 1

--Rubin and Rubin, Ch. 14, pp. 328-36.
--"GTP Organizer Training, Training Guide #14, Negotiations."

George Brager and Valerie Jorin, "Bargaining: A Method in Community Change," Social Work, 14(4):73-83 (October 1969).

Henry H. Calero, Winning the Negotiation (New York: Hawthorne Books, n.d.).

Royce A. Coffin, The Negotiator, A Manual for Winners (New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1976).

Dick Cook, Negotiation: A Tool for Community Organization (Baltimore: Neighborhoods Institute, 1978).

Robert Fisher & William Ury, Getting to Yes; Negotiating Agreement without Giving In (New York: Penguin, 1991).

Edward Levin, Negotiating Tactics: Bargain Your Way to Winning (New York: Fawcett Columbine Books, 1980).

Gerald I. Nierenberg, The Art of Negotiating (New York: Hawthorne Books, 1968).

Mark J. Splain, "Negotiations: Using A Weapon As A Way Out," in (Lee Staples) Roots to Power (New York: Praeger, 1984), pp. 164-70.

24. Monday, May 6

--"Cesar Chavez on Money and Organizing"
--"GTP Organizer Training, Training Guide #16, Canvassing."
--"Proposal Checklist and Evaluation Form."
--Arnie Graf, "A Case Study of the C.O.P.S. Ad Book."

Madeleine Adamson (ed.), "Opportunity Knocks with Canvassing," Just Economics 7(1):6-9 (February/March 1979).

Moshe ben Asher, "A Doorknockers Guide to Canvassing," Community Jobs, 4(1):17ff (February 1981).

Kim Bobo, Jackie Kendall, and Steve Max, "Grassroots Fundraising," in Organizing for Social Change, A Manual for Activists in the 1990s (Washington, DC: Seven Locks Press, 1991), pp. 176-83.

Cesar Chavez, "On Money and Organizing," Talk given on October 4, 1971 (Los Angeles: National Farm Worker Ministry, 1972).

Daniel Lynn Conrad et al., The Grants Planner (San Francisco: Institute for Fundraising, 1977).

Joseph Dermer, How to Raise Funds From Foundations (New York: Public Service Materials Center, 1977).

L. Peter Edles, Fundraising: Hands-On Tactics for Nonprofit Groups (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1993).

Richard L. Edwards et al., Building a Strong Foundation: Fundraising for Nonprofits (Washington, DC: NASW Press, 1997)

Joan Flanagan, Successful Fundraising: A Complete Handbook for Volunteers and Professionals (Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1993).

Harry A. Freedman and Karen Feldman, The Business of Special Events: Fundraising Strategies for Changing Times (Sarasota, FL: Pineapple Press, 1998).

Arnie Graf, A Case Study of the C.O.P.S. Ad Book (San Francisco: Organize Training Center, n.d.).

David L. Grubb and David R. Zwick, Fundraising in the Public Interest (Washington, D.C.: Public Citizen, 1977).

Si Kahn, "Money," in Organizing, A Guide for Grassroots Leaders (Silver Spring, MD: National Association of Social Workers, 1991), pp. 222-37.

Kathleen S. Kelly, Effective Fund-Raising Management (Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1998).

Andrea Kihlstedt and Catherine P. Schwartz, Capital Campaigns: Strategies that Work (Gaithersburg, Md.: Aspen Publishers, 1997).

Norton J. Kiritz, Program Planning and Proposal Writing (Los Angeles: Grantsmanship Center, 1978).

Kathryn J. Lindholm et al., Proposal Writing Strategies (Los Angeles: University of California, Spanish Speaking Mental Health Research Center, 1982).

Alvin H. Reiss, CPR for Nonprofits: Creative Strategies for Successful Fundraising, Marketing, Communications, and Management (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2000).

Henry A. Rosso, Rosso on Fund Raising: Lessons from a Master's Lifetime Experience (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1996).

Mike Russell and Frank Blechman, "The 'Other Way' Offers Funding Model," Just Economics, 7(3):15 (Summer 1979).

Terry and Doug Schaff, The Fundraising Planner: A Working Model for Raising the Dollars You Need (San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 1999)

Janell Shride Amos, Fundraising Ideas: Over 225 Money Making Events for Community Groups, with a Resource Directory (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 1995).

Doug Skowron, Organizing for Local Fundraising (Washington, DC: Volunteer--National Center for Citizen Involvement, 1980).

Doug Skowron, Raising Money from the Business Sector (Washington, DC: Volunteer--National Center for Citizen Involvement, 1980).

Sue Stephenson, "Raising Political Cash for Citizen Action Lobbies," California Journal, 7(11):429-31 (November 1976).

Ollie Swedenburg-Letzing, A Case Study of the COPS Ad Book (Washington, DC: Volunteer--National Center for Citizen Involvement, 1980).

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Canvassing for Funds and Public Information (Washington, DC, 1977).

Irving R. Warner, The Art of Fundraising (New York: Harper & Row, 1975).

Western States Shelter Network, Dollars and Sense: A Community Fundraising Manual for Women's Shelters and Other Non-Profit Organizations (San Francisco, CA: Western States Shelter Network, 1982).

Joyce Young, Fundraising for Non-Profit Groups (Vancouver--Toronto--Seattle: International Self-Counsel Press, Ltd., 1978, 1981).

25. Wednesday, May 8

Timothy Beasley and Stephen Coate, "Lobbying and Welfare in a Representative Democracy," Review of Economic Studies, 68(1):67-82 (January 2001).

Ben P. Granger and Linda Moynihan, "Successful Engagement in Social Legislation: A Case Study," Administration in Social Work, 11(1):37-45 (Spring 1987).

David Hosansky, "Phone Banks to E-Mail," Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 55: 2942-3 (November 29, 1997).

Cecilia Kleinkauf, "Social Work Lobbies for Social Welfare: An Alaskan Example," Social Work, 33(1):56-57 (January/February 1988).

Legislation Symposium, "Lobbying Reform," Congressional Digest, 73:289-314 (December 1994).

Judith C. Meredith, Lobbying on a Shoestring (3d ed.), (Boston: Massachusetts Continuing Legal Education, 2000).

Jacqueline B. Mondros and Scott M. Wilson, "Staying Alive: Career Selection and Sustenance of Community Organizers," Administration in Social Work, 14(2):95-109 (1990).

D. Nicolai, "ACORN Takes on the Bankers," Progressive, 55(9):13 (September 1991).

Elliot Pagliaccio and Burton Gummer, "Casework and Congress: A Lobbying Strategy, Social Casework, 69(3):155-61 (March 1988).

Willard C. Richan, Lobbying for Social Change (2d ed.), New York: Haworth Press, 1996.

Jeremy Richardson, "Government, Interest Groups and Policy Change," Political Studies, 48(5):1006-25 (December 2000).

Jon S. Vernick, "Lobbying and Advocacy for the Public's Health: What are the Limits for Nonprofit Organizations? American Journal of Public Health, 89(9):1425-9 (September 1999).

26. Monday, May 13

--Felix G. Rivera and John L. Erlich, "A Time of Fear; A time of Hope," in Community Organizing in a Diverse Society (3d ed.), pp. 1-17.
--Lorraine Gutierrez and Ann Rosegrant Alvarez, "Educating Students for Multicultural Community Practice," Journal of Community Practice, 7(1):39-56 (2000).

E. Frederick Anderson, The Development of Leadership and Organization Building in the Black Community of Los Angeles from 1900 through World War II (Saratoga, CA: Century Twenty One, 1980).

J. Anner (ed.), Beyond Identity Politics: Emerging Social Justice Struggles in Communities of Color (Boston: South End Press, 1997).

M. Langley Biegert, "Legacy of Resistance: Uncovering the History of Collective Action by Black Agricultural Workers in Central East Arkansas from the 1860s to the 1930s," Journal of Social History, 32(1):73-99 (Fall 1998).

John M. Daley and Paul Wong, "Community Development with Emerging Ethnic Communities," Journal of Community Practice, 1(1):9-24 (1994).

Gary Delgado, Beyond the Politics of Place: New Directions in Community Organizing in the 1990s (Oakland, CA: Applied Research Center, 1994).

E. Daniel Edwards and Jeanette Drews, "Community Organizing in Support of Self-Determination within Native American Communities," Journal of Multicultural Social Work, 3(4):43-61 (1994).

Madison Foster, "Black Organizing: The Need for a Conceptual Model of the Ghetto," Catalyst, 1(1), (1978).

Lorraine M. Gutierrez, Ann Rosegrant Alvarez, and Howard Nemon, "Multicultural Community Organizing: A Strategy for Change," Social Work, 41:501-8 (September 1996).

Lorraine M. Gutierrez and Edith A. Lewis, "A Feminist Perspective on Organizing with Women of Color," in (Rivera and Erlich, eds.), Community Organizing in a Diverse Society (3d ed.), pp. 97-116.

Allan David Heskin and Robert A. Heffner, "Learning About Bilingual, Multicultural Organizing," Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 23(4):525-41 (1987).

Peter Kwong, "Chinese Staff and Workers' Association: A Model for Organizing in the Changing Economy?" Social Policy, 25:30-8 (Winter 1994).

Manning Marable, "The Black Radical Congress: Revitalizing the Black Freedom Movement," Black Scholar, 28(1):54-70 (Spring 1998).

H.A. McDougall, Black Baltimore: A New Theory of Community (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1993).

Miguel Montiel and Felipe Ortego y Gasca, "Chicanos, Community, and Change," in (Rivera and Erlich, eds.), Community Organizing in a Diverse Society (3d ed.), pp. 43-61.

Renya Katarine Ramirez, "Healing through Grief: Urban Indians Reimagining Culture and Community in San Jose, California," American Indian Culture and Research Journal, 22(4):305-33 (1998).

Rinku Sen, "A Primer on Community Organizing and South Asians," Amerasia Journal, 25(3):163-69.

Eui-Young Yu and Edward T. Chang, Multiethnic Coalition Building in Los Angeles: A Two-Day Symposium, November 19-20, 1993, Claremont, CA (Regina Books for Institute for Asian American and Pacific Asian Studies, California State University, Los Angeles, 1995).

27. Wednesday, May 15

If You're Having a Problem

1. Ask for help!

2. Call, e-mail, or see the instructor after class.

Contacting the Instructor Outside of Class

1. You need not have an appointment during my office hours, but if you plan to come from off campus it would be a good idea to call ahead to make sure I'm available.

2. You can send e-mail to me at and I will almost always respond on the same day.

3. You can phone me at home at (323) 934-2925, although I don't take calls from sundown on Friday afternoon until after dark on Saturday evening; please don't call after 8 p.m. in the evening except for very urgent matters, although early morning calls (after 6:30 a.m.) are okay.

4. If you have questions, suggestions, concerns, or complaints about anything related to the class, please raise them with me.